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  • Writer's pictureVirtual Wellness

Diabetes Medications and How They Work

Learn more about sugar meds




1. Insulin:

Insulin is a hormone that lowers blood sugar by facilitating the uptake of glucose into cells, especially muscle and fat cells.


2. Oral Hypoglycemic Agents:

Oral medications, including sulfonylureas (e.g., glipizide), biguanides (e.g., metformin), and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (e.g., acarbose), work to lower blood sugar through various mechanisms.


3. SGLT2 Inhibitors:

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors like canagliflozin and dapagliflozin reduce blood sugar by increasing the excretion of glucose through urine.


4. GLP-1 Receptor Agonists:

GLP-1 receptor agonists, such as liraglutide and exenatide, stimulate the release of insulin, inhibit glucagon secretion, and slow down gastric emptying to lower blood sugar.


5. DPP-4 Inhibitors:

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors like sitagliptin and saxagliptin increase the levels of incretins, hormones that stimulate insulin release in response to meals.


6. Meglitinides:

Meglitinides, such as repaglinide, stimulate insulin release from the pancreas, particularly in response to meals.


7. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs):

TZDs like pioglitazone improve insulin sensitivity in peripheral tissues, enhancing glucose uptake and lowering blood sugar.


8. Combination Therapies:

Healthcare providers may prescribe a combination of different classes of medications to achieve better blood sugar control, especially when individual drugs are not sufficient.


9. Monitoring Blood Sugar:

Regular blood sugar monitoring is crucial to adjusting medication dosages and ensuring effective diabetes management.


10. Lifestyle Changes:

Medications should be complemented by lifestyle modifications, including a healthy diet, regular exercise, and weight management, to optimize blood sugar control.


It's essential for individuals with diabetes to work closely with healthcare professionals to determine the most suitable medication regimen based on their specific needs, health status, and the type of diabetes they have. Regular monitoring and adherence to the prescribed treatment plan are key components of diabetes management.

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Feb 26
Rated 5 out of 5 stars.

Taking metformin for PCOS.

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